Difference between Legal and Political Sovereignty

Differences between Legal and Political Sovereignty are as follows:Legal Sovereignty:Difference is sometimes drawn between legal and political sovereignty. The sovereign is supposed to be absolute and omnipotent. It functions according to its own will. Law is simply the will of sovereign. There is none to question its validity. Legal sovereign grants rights to its citizens and there can be no rights against him. It means rights of citizens depend on the will of legal sovereign and any time he can take away. Legal sovereign has following characteristics: ADVERTISEMENTS: 1. The legal sovereignty is always definite and determinate.2. Legal sovereignty may reside either in one person or in a body of persons.3. It is definitely organized, precise and known to law.4. Rights of citizen are gift of legal sovereign. ADVERTISEMENTS: 5.…
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Difference between Western Liberal Democracy and Non-Western Form of Democracy

Differences between Western Liberal Democracy and Non-Western Form of Democracy are as follows:Western Liberal Democracy:Western liberal democracy is a political theory that emerged in Europe during the seventeenth century and has continued to this day as one of the dominant theories and ideologies in the world. This excludes the socialist countries with dictatorships of different kinds. In the development of this concept, mention must be made of John Locke, Jeremy Bentham and J.S Mill. Locke contributed the ideas of limited government, constitutionalism, individual rights and the rule of law. ADVERTISEMENTS: Bentham’s contribution lay in the utilitarian conception of majority interest calculated in terms of individual utility. Mill contributed the idea of individual liberty, plurality of opinions, and the principle of development of individual personality.When we define the liberal state to…
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Essay on the Globalization of Trade (1232 Words)

Essay on the Globalization of Trade !The term ‘globalisation’, now-a-days, is known to all and has become an expression of common usage. Different people use this term with different colours representing ‘a brave new world with no barriers’; ‘a world of doom and destruction’; and ‘a disneyesque beacon of light and a fake optimism’.“The need of a constantly expanding market for its products chased the bourgeoisie over the whole surface of the globe………. transforming the world in its own image” was the Communist Manifesto s prescient description of what is now referred to as ‘globalization’. ADVERTISEMENTS: The term ‘globalisation’, generally, means integration of economies and societies through cross country flows of information, ideas, technologies, goods, services, capital, finance and people. But the term ‘globalisation’ is used, at present, in the…
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Advantages and Disadvantages of International Trade | Essay

Essay on the Advantages and Disadvantages of International Trade ! Advantages of International Trade: International trade which enable every country to specialise and to export those things that it can produce cheaper in exchange for what others can provide at a lowest cost have been and still are one of the basic factors promoting economic well-being and increasing national income of every participating country. The World Trade can increase real income and consumption two.International Trade has many more benefits. It promotes growth and enhances economic welfare by stimulating more efficient utilisation of factor endowments of different regions and by enabling people to obtain goods from efficient sources of supply. Trade also makes available to people goods which cannot be produced in their country due to various reasons. ADVERTISEMENTS: Small countries…
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Achievements of World Trade Organization

Essay on Achievements of World Trade Organization !Member-countries of the WTO have sought to fulfil the objectives reflected in the preamble of the WTO agreement of conducting the trade relations with a view to raising standards of living worldwide. The rise in global trade facilitated by trade liberalisation within the rule-based system has created more and better-paid jobs in many countries.Forty eight least developed countries, with 12 per cent of the world population had only 0.4 per cent of global trade. It is therefore called for better access to them increased technology transfer, aid and debt relief, protection from negative consequences of the agreements and greater transparency in the WTO. ADVERTISEMENTS: It is the rapid growth of trade in the past half century that has been responsible for the global…
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Essay on The World Trade Organisation (WTO) and India

Essay on The World Trade Organisation (WTO) and India !It is true that the WTO mostly benefit the developed countries. That does not mean that the developing countries like India are losing but not gaining anything. But the gains of these countries are limited as compared to those of the developed countries.Regarding the Indian Membership in the WTO, wide range apprehensions have been expressed such as: our economic sovereignty has been compromised, our agriculture would be ruined, our farmers would have to buy their seeds every year from multinations, our public distribution system would have to be curtailed, our genetic wealth would be lost, the drug prices would shoot-up, our market would become a heaven for foreigners. But A.V. Ganesan, India’s Chief-negotiator in the Uruguay Round says, “It is only…
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Offences and Punishment under the Information Technology Act, 2000

Essay on the Offences and Punishment under the Information Technology Act, 2000 !The various offences and the punishment provided for them are contained in Chapters IX and XI of the Act. These offences are briefly stated as follows:— 1. Unauthorized Access (Section 43): The section lays down that any person who accesses or secures access to a computer, computer system or computer network without permission of the owner or any person in charge of such computer, computer system or computer network, shall be liable to pay damages by way of compensation not exceeding one crore rupees to the person who is so affected.The term “access” as defined in Section 2(1)(a) of the I.T. Act, means “gaining entry into, instructing or communicating with the logical, arithmetical or monetary function resources of…
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Age and Sex Structure of Population of India – Essay

The composition of population according to age and/or sex is known as the age and sex structure. The universal characteristics of human populations are fundamental to understanding demographic processes of fertility, mortality and migration.Age composition may be summarized in terms of age groups (e.g., 0-15 years, 15-64 years and 65 or above).In India, the age groups are below 15, 15-59 and above 59, as the age of retirement in our country is generally 60 years. The sex ratio is most commonly expressed as the number of females per 1,000 males.One of the important aspects of the population study is the age composition. The age composition strongly influences the rate of growth and has profound effects on the social and economic conditions under which a population lives. ADVERTISEMENTS: Three basic determinants…
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Brief Notes on the Events that take Place in Sexual Reproduction of an Organism

The events that take place in sexual reproduction of an organism can be described as follows:1. Pre-fertilization events. Fertilization3. Post-fertilization events 1. Pre-fertilization events: ADVERTISEMENTS: It includes all those events that take place before the fusion of gametes. These are:Events in sexual reproduction(a) Gametogenesis(b) Gamete transfer ADVERTISEMENTS: (a) Gametogenesis: It is the process of formation of gametes by sexually mature (parent) individual. There are two individuals (parents) of opposite sex involved in sexual reproduction. Therefore, two types of gametes are produced by individuals, i.e. male gamete and female gamete.Gamete-> Male gamete- These are often called sperms or anthropoids in (plants).Female gametes-> these are often called egg/ovum. ADVERTISEMENTS: It happens in heterogametes.In homogametes. The two gametes are so similar in appearance that it is not easily possible to identify them as…
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Here is your short essay on Clan

Clan is an exogamous group which comes next to family. If the tribe or caste is endogamous, the clan is exogamous. The institution of clan is found in all the primitive societies. It resembles the family but dif­fers from it fundamentally. In British anthropology sib is understood as clan whereas in American anthropology clan is defined as sib. The family is bilateral; either the individual belongs to matriarchal descent or to patriarchal descent. In other words, an individual recognizes his relationship either with a woman as his mother or a man as his father. ADVERTISEMENTS: Thus, clan or sib traces its origin through either parent to the total ne­glect of the other. If a tribe is organized into mother clans, every child regardless of sex is considered a member of…
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