Short essay on the difference between Lineage and Clan

Identity
The basic difference between a lineage and clan is that the former is ac­tual and real while the latter is fictitious. If we refer to the case of feudal rulers we find that each ruler had his genealogy which was up­dated by bards. Similarly, the Hindus have their own genealogies which are maintained by the priests. Genealogies thus constitute the record of the previous generations. However, it is difficult to trace the ancestor who gave rise to a clan; therefore, the originator of a clan is lost in oblivion. John Lewis defines lineage as below: Lineage is a group resulting from descent reckoned either from the father’s or the mother’s line. Whereas in a clan relationship it is as­sumed, in a lineage group it must be demonstrated, that is, the…
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Different ways to classify computers – Essay

Communications
There are many ways to classify computers. Virtually all modern computers are electronic. Three other ways to classify computers are according to whether they are digital or analog, central or specialized processors, or full- instruction-set or reduced-instruction-set processors.1. Digital versus Analog : ADVERTISEMENTS: A digital computer is one that counts; an analog computer is one that measures. Counting and measuring, which are the most basic types of computation, were with us long before computers existed.When we observe that there are 15 people in a room, for example, we are counting. Entities; such as people, books, and dollars are capable of being counted. Image Source:pluto.ksi.eduWhen we estimate that there are 10 gallons of fuel in a gas tank, on the other hand, we are measuring; there may actually be 10.0001,9.872, or…
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9 Most Important Differences between Public Document' and Private Document

Communications
9 Most Important Differences between Public Document’ and Private Document are: Public Document: 1. Sec. 74 defines what the Public documents are. ADVERTISEMENTS: 2. All the public documents are kept in some special custody of the authority.3. Certified copies of the Public Documents shall be given to any person demanding it on paying prescribed fee. Image Source: 185.26.182.2194.Public documents are open to inspection to any person.5. Mode of proof: The mode of proving public documents has been provided in Sections from 76 to 78. ADVERTISEMENTS: 6. A public document is one prepared by a Public servant in discharge of his public-official duties.7. Certified copies of the public document can be received in evidence and without proof.8. Examples: Documents forming the Acts, or records of the Act, of the sovereign authority,…
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Formalities Necessary for the Exercise of the Right of Pre-emption

Sociology
“The Muhammadan law of pre-emption is a law of technicality, and the existence of the right depends upon the full and complete observance of formalities. It is a ritual. If the ritual be defective, the Dijnn will not emerge from the bottle.Unless the words are ‘open sesame’ the door will not open. If the ceremonies are in any way incomplete or erroneous, the right of sufaa does not take effect, but remains unsubstantial. Image Source: careerjunction.co.za ADVERTISEMENTS: It is rightly so, because the doctrine involves interference with one of the fundamental human rights, the right of freedom of contract”. Thus, spoke Meredith J in C.S. Tiwari v. P. Dubey. Muslim law categorically lays down that the right of pre-emption can be exercised only on the observance of certain formalities. The…
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Section 153 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 – Explained!

Violence
Legal Provisions of Section 153 of Indian Penal Code, 1860.Wantonly giving provocation with intent to cause riot:This section prescribes punishment for wantonly giving provocation to someone with intent to cause riot. It says that whoever malignantly, or wantonly, gives provocation to any person, by doing anything which is illegal, with the intention or knowledge that it is likely that such provocation will cause the offence of rioting to be committed in consequence of such provocation, be punished with simple or rigorous imprisonment for a term extending up to one year, or with fine, or with both, and if the offence of rioting be not committed, with simple or rigorous imprisonment for a term extending to six months, or with fine, or with both. Image Source: lawnn.com ADVERTISEMENTS: MalignantlyIt implies a…
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Legal Provisions of Order XLI of Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (C.P.C.), India – Different Stages of Appeal

Identity
Form of appeal:Every appeal is preferred in the form of a memorandum signed by the appellant or his pleader and presented to the court or to such officer as it appoints in this behalf. The memorandum should be accompanied by a copy of the “[judgment] on which it is founded. ADVERTISEMENTS: Where two or more suits have been tried together and a common judgment has been delivered there-for and two or more appeals are filed against any decree covered by that judgment, whether by the same appellant or by different appellants, the appellate court may dispense with the filing of more than one copy of the judgment.The memorandum sets forth, concisely and under distinct heads, the grounds of objection to the decree appealed from, without any argument or narrative, such…
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Legal Provisions of Order XXIII of Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (C.P.C.), India – Withdrawal and Adjustment of Suits

Identity
Withdrawal of suit or abandonment of part of claim:At any time after the institution of a suit the plaintiff may, as against all or any of the defendants, withdraw his suit or abandon a part of his claim. [Order XXIII, Rule 1 (1)]. ADVERTISEMENTS: The plaintiff who has already moved an application under Order XXIII, Rule (1) cannot withdraw the application for withdrawal of the suit, even before the orders are passed on the withdrawal application, i.e., that the suit is, as far as the plaintiff is concerned, struck off from the file. This is on the assumption that there is withdrawal in fact as well as in law.The question would not arise if there is withdrawal of suit in fact but not in law. For example, when the plaintiff…
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Top 15 Characteristics of an Effective Business Letter – Explained!

Sociology
Important characteristics that an effective correspondence must have for business transaction are given below: Characteristics 1. Simplicity: A business letter should be simple. It should be written in a lucid (easy) language so that it is clear to the receiver. The language can be similar to that of social letters as long as formality is maintained. The letter should make an instant appeal to the reader. Image Source: image.slidesharecdn.com ADVERTISEMENTS: 2. Conversational style: An effective letter is one that gives an impression of face to face communication. Letters are the written media by which sender of the message speaks to the receiver. Hence a letter should be written in a conversational style. Conversational style is interactive in nature and is more or less informal. 3. Clarity of goal: The writer…
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1200 Words Essay on Indian Society (culture, customs and people)

Poverty
India is a hierarchical society. Within India’s culture and customs-whether in the north, south, east or west-whether in Hindu, Muslim or other communities-whether in rural or urban areas, virtually all things, people and groups of people are ranked according to certain essential attributes. If one is attuned to the theme of hierarchy in India, one can discuss its manifestations everywhere. Although India is the biggest democracy in the world, yet in daily life the notions of equality are not present.Castes, ethnic groups with which all the Indians are associated are also ranked. Within most cities, towns and villages, everyone knows the relative rankings of each locally represented caste. People’s behaviour towards one another is primarily shaped by this knowledge.There is even disagreement at times, between the people of extremes of…
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Distinction between Traveler, Visitor, Tourist, Excursionist and Transit Visitor/Transient

Sociology
Distinction between Traveler, Visitor, Tourist, Excursionist and Transit Visitor/Transient are given below: The Traveller: The appellation traveller is generic in the sense that it is relevant to any form of movement of a person irrespective of the distance travelled i.e., ranging from a small distance of only few kilometers to an immigrant going for long-haul travel with the purpose of seeking employment or even to move to the place visited.That is, the term refers to a person travelling from place to place without any consideration of his motive, duration of stay, the remunerative activity involved or not or return to the place of origin. Image Source: nunomad.com The Visitor: A visitor is also a traveller who sojourns a place or country ordinarily outside his typical beat area for non-immigration and…
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