Free Essay on Ethics

What is Ethics?

Ethics is an area of ​​socio-philosophical research, within the framework of which morality is studied (see Morality), which expresses the special sphere of supbiological regulation of relations between people and the higher values ​​and ideals of obligation associated with it. The substantial and formal features of ethics as a philosophical discipline are given by three constants:

  • the essence of morality as an object of study;
  • ways of its theoretical understanding and description in a sociocultural context;
  • main philosophizing paradigms (eastern, western, and others).

Along with this, ethics is sometimes regarded as a theory of virtues, which sees its goal in substantiating a model of a worthy human life that expresses the ideals of humanity. Currently, the tradition that has developed in the social sciences is understood as an area of ​​knowledge predominantly understood as ethics, and morality (or morality) as its subject. In social experience and ordinary language, such a distinction, however, has not yet been fixed.

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Ethics Sections

ethical desision making

The theoretical part studies various aspects of morality and morality: their historical factor, how they arose, how they develop, their functioning, their interconnectedness. The methodology of the theoretical part of ethics is knowledge gained in the field of psychology, sociology, logic and linguistics.

Normative ethics seeks and sets principles that underpin or will underpin behavior. Its purpose is to maintain moral and ethical values, norms and rules through the arguments, arguments and evidence used in the formation of new beliefs and values.

This is not a boring moral reading, but a logical debate involving even critically minded individuals. One of the tools of normative ethics is to endow principles and principles with either mystical (divine) or natural meanings.

Applied ethics studies particular cases of moral choice and behavior, based on the principles formed by the normative section.

This discipline has many scientific sections:

  • medical;
  • professional;
  • computer;
  • business;
  • political;
  • ecological;
  • legal;
  • social;
  • bioethics.

So, what does ethics study: the object is society and man, and the subject is their moral values. Any science has its own laws and ethics is no exception. Its main rule (it is called “golden”) reads: “Do with others as you want to be treated with you.”

Ethical values

This discipline has two types of values ​​through which it studies its subject:

  • Positive ones are the ideals that underlie graceful behavior. This includes goodness, conscience, honor, a sense of shame, justice, etc. In essence, these concepts are absolute, that is, they are 100% impossible to achieve, but the pursuit of this is encouraged by religion and society.
  • Negative values ​​represent the flip side of the coin – the antipode is positive. These include evil, cynicism, selfishness, envy and others. These vices are condemned by the public: the person who is guided by them throughout life is condemned by people.

These values ​​- both good and bad, are the voluntary choice of each person and underlie his actions. Which of them he will use in his path, and which he will throw aside, depends on the level of his morality, education, inculcated by significant adults.

And if a person’s worldview differs from public moral principles, then it will be difficult for her to get along among people (this is a direct path to sociopaths).

Thus, ethics is a science that regulates human relationships, teaches “how to and how not” to deal with others.

How to Write an Ethics Essay

The correct writing of an essay is to understand the features of the genre. Compliance with the basic principles and guidelines for writing will create an interesting essay. Below is the basic structure of any essay worthy of appreciation:

Choose Clear, Concise, Informative Topic

Browse the Internet, reflect on real life examples, or look at our list below to get an idea for your future article. Take into account the fact that an essay on any ethical topic is not a description of your point of view on a moral and ethical problem. More about the discussion of arguments and counterarguments, analysis of the nuances of the topic. Make sure that there is a lot of supporting information on the chosen ethical issue.

How to start an essay?

It often happens that a person with sufficient eloquence and the ability to express his thoughts on paper, has difficulty in starting an essay, including an essay. Thinking about the beginning can stretch for a sufficiently long time, which greatly overshadows the process of creative work. Use our tips on how to start an essay.

  • Tip 1. Before you start writing an essay, you need to formulate an idea, define a goal and find sources of information for work.
  • Tip 2. Use the freewriting technique. Its essence is to write down all thoughts that come to mind without editing it and not following grammar, punctuation, style, etc. An excellent way to help deal with a creative crisis and find an extraordinary idea.
  • Tip 3. It is important not to focus on the introductory part. An introduction can also be written after the main part has been written. In this case, it is already clear what the essay is about, so the introduction is easier to write.
  • Tip 4. One of the fairly common options is to write an essay, starting with a question, the answer to which is given later.

Body paragraph: Comparing Arguments & Counterarguments

In general, evaluating an argument means critiquing your chosen problem. But what does “critical analysis” mean in this context? Critical analysis does not necessarily mean that you ultimately disagree or come to a completely different conclusion; you must consider the pros and cons of your conviction and evaluate everything from the outside.


Reformulate and summarize what you have stated in the previous paragraphs. Indicate why the ethical issue that you discuss in your article is important. Finish mentioning your point of view and why your position is correct.

Reread and edit the final draft

After completing the essay, you should re-read it, making sure that the logic of the presentation is preserved throughout the entire narration. Some extra rools to follow:

  • Use as few generic phrases as possible. The essay should be unique, individualized, reflecting the personality of the author.
  • When writing an essay, alternate short phrases with long ones. In this case, the text will be dynamic enough to be easy to read.
  • You should not use complex and incomprehensible words, especially if the meaning of the word is unfamiliar.
  • The use of facts, research results in an essay is an excellent option for giving credibility.

A List of Ethics Essay Topics

  • Ethics is Important to Every Society
  • Is the Death Penalty Moral?
  • What are Ethical Issues?
  • The Ethics Of Managing
  • What are the Most Important Business Ethics?
  • Essential Elements of Business Ethics
  • Fundamentals of Laws and Ethics
  • Implementation of Ethics in the Workplace
  • Ethics in Various Departments

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