Essay on Law Relating to Abortion in India (368 Words)

Essay on Law Relating to Abortion in India !The protection of law to human life also extends to an unborn child in mother’s womb. Causing miscarriage with or without consent of the woman is an offence under Sections 312 and 313 of IPC respectively. Section 312 requires two elements to be satisfied for the offence of miscarriage, namely, (i) it should not have been caused voluntarily; and (ii) it should not have been caused in good faith for the purpose of saving the life of the woman.Although the word ‘abortion’ has not been used in the aforesaid sections but the word ‘miscarriage’ technically speaking refers to abortion which means expulsion of the embryo—foetus at any time before it attains full growth.Miscarriage may be caused at two different stages, that is,…
Read More

Essay on Public Participation with Police in Crime Detection in India

Essay on Public Participation with Police in Crime Detection in India!It is well known that crime detection is the first stage of criminal adjudication. Although crime detection and investigation are primarily the functions of police but it is rather difficult for the policemen to perform these duties efficiently without public co-operation. Therefore, the desirability for public participation in crime detection hardly needs to be emphasised. Public participation is possible in either of the following ways—1. Certain provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure empower a private individual to arrest a person who in his presence commits a non-bailable and cognizable offence, and to hand over such arrested person to police without unnecessary delay. ADVERTISEMENTS: 2. The law enjoins a duty upon every person to assist a Magistrate or police officer…
Read More

Short Essay on American Police Force (256 Words)

Short Essay on American Police Force !Before United States came under the influence of the Britain, the civilians performed the function of night-watchman by rotation with a view to protecting the society from crimes and criminals. This watch and ward arrangement proved effective to control growing incidence of crime and disorder in rapidly expanding cities. Consequently, a regular police force was, established in New York in 1844.A regular police force was, however, set up in America by the Dougan Charter of 1886. The adoption of regular police in American cities did not prove very useful because of extremely low wages offered to policemen. An inclination towards violence was the main requirement for entry into the police force. The new police therefore, became pawns in the spoils system and shared in…
Read More

What is the difference between Parole and Indeterminate Sentence?

Difference between Parole and Indeterminate Sentence:Parole is closely linked with the system of indeterminate sentence under which instead of being compelled to serve a definite term of sentence, the offender is sentenced to a minimum and a maximum period of sentence and after he has finished the minimum term, usually one-third of the maximum prescribed, he is set at liberty with or without conditions. It therefore, follows that the system of parole cannot function successfully without having indeterminate sentence.This does not, however, mean that these two systems are identical. Indeterminate sentence carries with it an element of uncertainty about the exact period of sentence which in itself is a great punishment to the offender; while on the other hand, the system of parole serves a kind of pre-intimation to the…
Read More

Fundamental Points of Difference Between Parole and Probation (474 Words)

Fundamental Points of Difference Between Parole and Probation !Although parole, like probation is based on the principle of individualisation of treatment of offenders and both include a programme of guidance and assistance to the delinquents, yet the two differ in many aspects. The fundamental points of difference between parole and probation are noted below:—(i) As to their historical evolution, the system of probation owes its origin to John Augustus of Boston (U.S.A.) who around 1841, tried to convince the judge of the Magistrate’s Court that certain offenders would respond well to his supervision if committed to his care rather than jailed. The parole, on the other hand, came into existence much later somewhere around 1900. ADVERTISEMENTS: (ii) A prisoner can be released on parole only after he has already served…
Read More

What is the difference between Parole and Furlough (559 Words)?

The difference between Parole and Furlough:Undoubtedly, parole and furlough are parts of the penal and prison system for humanising prison administration but the two have different purposes. Furlough is a matter of right but parole is not. Furlough is to be granted to the prisoner periodically irrespective of any particular reason merely to enable him to retain family and social ties and avoid ill-effects of continuous prison life. The period of furlough is treated as remission of sentence.Parole, on the other hand, is not a matter of right and may be denied to a prisoner even when he makes out sufficient case for release on parole if the competent authority is satisfied on valid grounds that release of a prisoner on parole would be against the interest of society or…
Read More

Very Short Paragraph on Crime (287 Words)

Very Short Paragraph on Crime !Crime has been a baffling problem ever since the dawn of human civilization and man’s efforts to grapple with this problem have only partially succeeded. There is hardly any society which is not beset with the problem of crime and criminality. As rightly pointed out by Emile Durkheim, crime is a natural phenomenon which is constantly changing with the social change.Criminologists have always differed in their views regarding crime causation. Continental criminologists often support the endogenous theory of criminality which is founded on bio-physical consideration of criminals. The American criminologists on the other hand, are more inclined to explain criminality in terms of social factors. ADVERTISEMENTS: Thus, the former approach the problem of crime causation subjectively while the latter are objective in their approach. The…
Read More

Essay on Michael Jordon (529 Word)

Here is your essay on Michael Jordon !Michael Jeffrey Jordon, the popular American basketball star was born on February 17, 1963 in Brooklyn, New York. His childhood was reasonably comfortable with both his parents working in decent occupations, his father James Jordan being an electric plant mechanic and his mother Deloris Jordan being a bank teller.The family moved to Wilmington, North California because the violence and the drug rackets were prominent in Brooklyn which made it unsafe for giving the right environment for growing up children.Michael Jordon loved sports but his first passion was baseball that he loved playing with his father. Larry, his older brother was a pioneer in baseball and Michael looked up to him as an idol. Michael’s parents were always kept encouraging their children to change…
Read More

Short Essay on Organ Donation

Here is your short essay on Organ Donation !Organ donation is the act of donating an organ by a person so that it can be transplanted by surgical procedure in the body of the recipient. Organ donation can benefit the recipient largely by improving health, quality and span of his life and even save him from death or other critical conditions like paralysis.Any person above the age of 18 is eligible to become a donor irrespective of the background. Even younger population under 18 can donate with permission from parent or guardian. The most surprising fact about organ donation is that some organs can be donated even when a person is alive. Most organs are however transplanted only after the donor is dead. By getting registered as a donor with…
Read More

Essay on Volleyball (764 Words)

Here is your essay on Volleyball !Volleyball is a team game which has six players that play on either side of the net. A set of rules decide the score that each team is able to make against the other team. The game begins with a player from one team throwing the ball using hand or arm over the net so that the opposite team can receive it on their court.The basic rule is to prevent the received ball from hitting the ground so that it can be thrown back to the other team with up to 3 touches from the team. A foul happens if one person from the team touches the ball more than twice (double-hit) while it’s on their side of the net. Also, a team scores…
Read More