Copyright is a set of rights to works of art, literature created by the copyright holder. Their defense, definition, interests law and sociology for several decades. A lot of candidate dissertations on law have been written on this subject.
For the first time in the Russian Empire, the concept of the right to creative results appeared at the end of the 19th century. Poets, writers, sculptors, architects traded their masterpieces, thereby claiming intellectual property rights.
Guarantees for the protection of authors’ performance are enshrined in the Constitution and state:
Regardless of age or gender, every citizen has the opportunity to gain access to cultural property.
Any person can engage in scientific, literary and other types of creativity. The products of this activity are protected by the Constitution of the Russian Federation.
All citizens of the Russian Federation are obliged to take care of the preservation of the cultural heritage, take care of historical monuments.
The principles of the worldwide system of copyright protection are enshrined in norms and laws. It is they who determine unity in resolving contentious issues of intellectual property. One of the documents stated: only material form of creativity can be protected from encroachments. Ideas, thoughts and brilliant discoveries stored in the minds of scientists and creative individuals are not subject to protection.
Subjects of Copyright
All participants in the creation of a work and its inheritance are considered subjects of copyright. There is a list of special subjects:
In case the creative work is custom-made. The buyer of the service is considered the copyright holder of its result.
- Acquirers of law.
- Copyright Objects
These include original works of art, the results of scientific activities with the following characteristics:
- Any material result of a person’s creative, scientific activity.
It does not matter its value or significance for the author, those around him, the development of culture, art, etc.
- A poem recorded on paper, musical notation, drawing, etc.
- Read aloud in public a work of literature, played melody.
- Sculpture works having a three-dimensional, spatial form.
- Audio recordings.
- The hero of the work, his name or image.
The author’s right to a work is recognized without formal or informal claims. Proof of authorship is necessary only in court proceedings or claims on it by another person or group of persons.