Short essay on India’s Population Problem (free to read). In 1947, partition brought for India very little cultivable land and millions of mouths to be fed. From the very moment of Independence, it was realised that India is an over-populated country.
In 1947, partition brought for India very little cultivable land and millions of mouths to be fed. From the very moment of Independence, it was realised that India is an over-populated country. According to 1981 census, India’s population came around 68.38 crores and now in 1998 it is about 95 crores.
The alarming and incessant growth of population is causing serious economic problems. The more people will be the harder will it be to feed them all. This is the only reason why, in spite of a very good crop, the country has to import good grains. Whatever progress our country makes every year is eaten up by the increasing population.
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Employment opportunities are created, but population unevenness much more than them. The direct result of which is unevenness in the distribution of income and resultant up poverty.
There are many reasons why India could not firmly put a check on the population explosion, the main among these is people’s religious belief. Some people have this superstitious belief that child birth is a God’s gift and hence ‘the more the merrier it will be’.
Secondly, a large part of India’s population lives in rural areas ignorant, uneducated and unwire of their role in making up the society. They largely depend on agriculture and feel that larger the family, more help will it be to their profession. It gives birth to disguised unemployment. Then, an Indian, be he urban or rural – has an inherent desire to have a son. And in the hope of getting a male child he keeps procreating.
Child marriage and early marriage are also some of the customs, which make it hard for the government to control birth rate. Although the government is trying its best to propagate the idea of birth control, it will show results only when every individual Indian becomes aware of his duty towards the society.
The importance of family planning cannot be negated in our country. If we want to be prosperous and self- sufficient each individual must voluntarily follow the concept of family planning and birth control.