Short Essay on Human Rights

Short Essay on Human Rights – Human Rights are those rights without which life with human dignity has no meaning, which explains why these rights are considered to be the very basic legal rights internationally.

These rights relate to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual.

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Our Constitution guarantees these rights and the Supreme Court has ruled that wherever the Constitution is silent and the legislature has not made a law, those International Covenants to which India is a signatory may be enforced through the courts so far as they are consistent with the law of the land. These treaties and covenants may also be taken help of in statutory construction.

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The framers of the Constitution of India incorporated all basic human rights as Fundamental Rights and made special provisions to ensure their enforcement under Article 226 and Article 32. The Constitution of India was drafted after the Universal

Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations on December 10, 1948, and, therefore, some ideas were borrowed right from the Declaration itself.

Indian Parliament enacted the Protection of Human Rights Act in 1993 to provide for the constitution of the National Human Rights Commission, the State Human Rights Commission and the Human Rights Courts for the protection of human rights.

The Human Rights Commission receives the complaint from the victim or any person on his behalf and inquires into the violation of human rights and also into the negligence of the authorities in preventing such violation.


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