Moral and ethics are of high importance in determining the nature of a society or a culture. Morals and ethics are used as complimentary terms but they mean different in literal sense.
Morals define personal character and refer to the beliefs that a person practices when he interacts in personal and social relationships. The conduct exhibited by the person in personal-social behaviors gives a correct evaluation of his morals. Morals identify the way a person lives. Ethics are the codes or standards of conduct expected by the group to which the individual belongs.
In other words, ethics are the set of principals or the theory that decide a person’s moral values. Ethics can also be defined as the manual defining the code of morals. The presence of qualities showing high ethics in a person is termed as morality. More commonly, people associate the term moral with the lesson learnt from a story or a fable.
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Morals more strongly are based on social values of good and bad. Thus good morals can be distinguished from bad morals. It is correct to define them as the norms and the customs that guide the conduct and the way of life towards good, and beliefs are exhibited through acts of good and bad deeds.
Now ethics are the actions of a person in conscious and represent his free form of being not by seeing how they are performed, but seeking a judgment on whether the act is ethically right or wrong. Ethics and morals are conceptually different but lead to the same outcome of determining the social system and intend to promise a life of excellence for present and future generations.
A person with good morals is involved in good deeds and always knows it inside. A person doing bad deeds at the same time may always consider it right in adaptation to the society he lives but is actually having bad morals. If the ethical and moral values of a person have declined, he will never feel any shame of fear in performing a wrong deed or even a heinous crime as it is something appropriate by his morals and ethics. Most of the times, it is experiences and the way a person is brought up that decide his actions and hence his morality and ethics.
Social ethics and moral values have been deteriorating over time. As a result, the numbers of crimes like murders, thefts, gang rapes, kidnaps, molestation, incidents of snatch and run and illegal practices like terrorism, hoarding, drug abuse etc. have seen multifold increase in just few years.
Practicality and shrewdness have taken the shape of greed, jealousy, negative competition and temptation for easy money which is completely detrimental to a happy and healthy social life.
Humans have lost patience and have become selfish in their motives and hence ethics and morals have declined and lost value in their lives.
If we want to see a society that has a very low crime rate and where all humans can live safe, we have to look into the morals and the ethics that our sculptures and religious masters preach. We have to take the responsibility of making our society and in turn our earth a beautiful place where all humans can live a life of respect and dignity with no fears in their mind.