Short Essay on Elections in India – Elections in India are a process by which the people of the country express their collective will. People are the true sovereigns governing the country through their democratically elected representatives to Parliament and State legislatures besides other democratic institutions at lower levels.
The Constitution of India provides for the electoral process, according to which the election of President, Vice-President, Lok Sabha and the State Assemblies are conducted by the Election Commission of India and other elections are conducted by the State Election Commission.
Parliament of India regulates and streamlines the election procedure through the laws like the Representation of People Act of 1950 and 1951 and the Delimitation Act of 2002 along with the Rules and Orders made there under.
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The elections in India are based on the adult franchise system or adult suffrage, which means that a person above 18 years of age is entitled to cast vote. The disputes relating to the elections can only be heard by High Courts and the Supreme Court in election petitions.
However, once the election process begins, the courts are not to take cognizance of any election dispute. The reason for this provision is to enable a free and fair election, unhindered by malaise litigation.