Professional ethics and Etiquette essay

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Introduction The problems of morality have long worried humanity. The roots of interest in morality go down in history. This is indicated, for example, by the treatise of the ancient Roman physician, “Hygiene of passions, or moral hygiene”; studies of the economist A. Smith on the theory of moral feelings, an account of the foundations of morality, written by the Russian physiologist I.I. Mechnikov "Studies on the nature of man." “The solution to the problem of human life must inevitably lead to a more accurate definition of the foundations of morality. The latter should not have immediate pleasure, but the completion of the normal cycle of existence. In order to achieve this result, people should help each other much more than they are doing it now. ” [1] - wrote…
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Morality Essay

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Introduction XVII century - the continuation of the processes that began during the Renaissance - Reformation, there is a radical break with the spiritual heritage of the Middle Ages. Science is rapidly developing and coming to the forefront, which orientes a person not to turn to the Holy Scripture, but to "read the book of nature." The future is associated with the improvement of the human mind. 17th-century philosophers are “advocates of human nature,” who are destined to act according to their natural laws, accessible to a reasonable understanding. Historical perspectives are presented as optimistic. The concept of "social progress" is being developed. In spiritual life, the attitude towards “practical philosophy” dominates, where practicality is understood not in the ethical, but in the technical sense. Knowledge is needed to remake…
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Business Etiquette essay

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INTRODUCTION Business communication is a necessary part of human life, the most important type of relationship with other people. The eternal and one of the main regulators of these relations are ethical standards in which our ideas about the correctness or incorrectness of people's actions are expressed. Almost all areas of business ethics have rules that are applicable to ethics of behavior in a broad sense. In addition, all areas of business ethics, without exception, are based on fundamental ethical standards. These include respect for the self-esteem and personal status of another person, an understanding of the interests and motives of others' behavior, social responsibility for their psychological security, etc. And communicating in business cooperation with his subordinate, boss or colleagues, each one way or another, consciously or spontaneously relies…
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Essay on Law Relating to Abortion in India (368 Words)

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Essay on Law Relating to Abortion in India !The protection of law to human life also extends to an unborn child in mother’s womb. Causing miscarriage with or without consent of the woman is an offence under Sections 312 and 313 of IPC respectively. Section 312 requires two elements to be satisfied for the offence of miscarriage, namely, (i) it should not have been caused voluntarily; and (ii) it should not have been caused in good faith for the purpose of saving the life of the woman.Although the word ‘abortion’ has not been used in the aforesaid sections but the word ‘miscarriage’ technically speaking refers to abortion which means expulsion of the embryo—foetus at any time before it attains full growth.Miscarriage may be caused at two different stages, that is,…
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Essay on Public Participation with Police in Crime Detection in India

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Essay on Public Participation with Police in Crime Detection in India!It is well known that crime detection is the first stage of criminal adjudication. Although crime detection and investigation are primarily the functions of police but it is rather difficult for the policemen to perform these duties efficiently without public co-operation. Therefore, the desirability for public participation in crime detection hardly needs to be emphasised. Public participation is possible in either of the following ways—1. Certain provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure empower a private individual to arrest a person who in his presence commits a non-bailable and cognizable offence, and to hand over such arrested person to police without unnecessary delay. ADVERTISEMENTS: 2. The law enjoins a duty upon every person to assist a Magistrate or police officer…
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Short Essay on American Police Force (256 Words)

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Short Essay on American Police Force !Before United States came under the influence of the Britain, the civilians performed the function of night-watchman by rotation with a view to protecting the society from crimes and criminals. This watch and ward arrangement proved effective to control growing incidence of crime and disorder in rapidly expanding cities. Consequently, a regular police force was, established in New York in 1844.A regular police force was, however, set up in America by the Dougan Charter of 1886. The adoption of regular police in American cities did not prove very useful because of extremely low wages offered to policemen. An inclination towards violence was the main requirement for entry into the police force. The new police therefore, became pawns in the spoils system and shared in…
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What is the difference between Parole and Indeterminate Sentence?

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Difference between Parole and Indeterminate Sentence:Parole is closely linked with the system of indeterminate sentence under which instead of being compelled to serve a definite term of sentence, the offender is sentenced to a minimum and a maximum period of sentence and after he has finished the minimum term, usually one-third of the maximum prescribed, he is set at liberty with or without conditions. It therefore, follows that the system of parole cannot function successfully without having indeterminate sentence.This does not, however, mean that these two systems are identical. Indeterminate sentence carries with it an element of uncertainty about the exact period of sentence which in itself is a great punishment to the offender; while on the other hand, the system of parole serves a kind of pre-intimation to the…
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Fundamental Points of Difference Between Parole and Probation (474 Words)

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Fundamental Points of Difference Between Parole and Probation !Although parole, like probation is based on the principle of individualisation of treatment of offenders and both include a programme of guidance and assistance to the delinquents, yet the two differ in many aspects. The fundamental points of difference between parole and probation are noted below:—(i) As to their historical evolution, the system of probation owes its origin to John Augustus of Boston (U.S.A.) who around 1841, tried to convince the judge of the Magistrate’s Court that certain offenders would respond well to his supervision if committed to his care rather than jailed. The parole, on the other hand, came into existence much later somewhere around 1900. ADVERTISEMENTS: (ii) A prisoner can be released on parole only after he has already served…
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What is the difference between Parole and Furlough (559 Words)?

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The difference between Parole and Furlough:Undoubtedly, parole and furlough are parts of the penal and prison system for humanising prison administration but the two have different purposes. Furlough is a matter of right but parole is not. Furlough is to be granted to the prisoner periodically irrespective of any particular reason merely to enable him to retain family and social ties and avoid ill-effects of continuous prison life. The period of furlough is treated as remission of sentence.Parole, on the other hand, is not a matter of right and may be denied to a prisoner even when he makes out sufficient case for release on parole if the competent authority is satisfied on valid grounds that release of a prisoner on parole would be against the interest of society or…
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Very Short Paragraph on Crime (287 Words)

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Very Short Paragraph on Crime !Crime has been a baffling problem ever since the dawn of human civilization and man’s efforts to grapple with this problem have only partially succeeded. There is hardly any society which is not beset with the problem of crime and criminality. As rightly pointed out by Emile Durkheim, crime is a natural phenomenon which is constantly changing with the social change.Criminologists have always differed in their views regarding crime causation. Continental criminologists often support the endogenous theory of criminality which is founded on bio-physical consideration of criminals. The American criminologists on the other hand, are more inclined to explain criminality in terms of social factors. ADVERTISEMENTS: Thus, the former approach the problem of crime causation subjectively while the latter are objective in their approach. The…
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