708 Words Short Essay on the Art of Forgetting

So many books on Memory Cultivation litter the book-shops nowadays that I have sometimes thought of writing one on the now almost forgotten art of Forgetting. Strangely enough, people who cheerfully admit that they have no memory will look at you askance if you so much as breathe a word about their lack of judgment.For can we remember all the things that have come within the gamut of our learning and experience? Decidedly not. We know from hard experience how soon we forget the things we learned for our examinations. ADVERTISEMENTS: The normal, ordinary man forgets things often; luckily for him and his sanity. The man who tries to remember things always is unfortunate; that may drive him mad.Now the art of forgetting is a blessing in disguise. Take the…
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Essay on International Organisation and Institutions

Differences between independent and sovereign States are hound to arise. But they do not go to war always. History is full of examples when disputes between contending States had been settled by the mediation of a third party.During the mediaeval period and early modem times, when the theory of a common superior still persisted, disputes were very often referred to the Pope by the contesting parties for his arbitration.There was no international organisation which could provide machinery for an amicable settlement of international disputes. These conditions continued till the nineteenth century. Image Source: static.cegos.ch ADVERTISEMENTS: By that time warfare had become highly mechanised and a costly venture. War also brought about untold misery not only for the belligerent States, but for the neutral countries as well. It meant dislocation of…
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Essay on Marxian Theory of Class Struggle

Essay on Marxian Theory of Class StruggleThe Idea of Class Conflict is Central to Marxian Thought:The theory of class struggle or class conflict is central to Marxian thought. In fact, Marxian sociology is often called “The sociology of class conflict.” The idea of class war emerges from the theories of dialectical materialism, materialistic interpretation of history, and surplus value. The main promise of the “Marxian Class Theory” is to be found in the opening sentence of his famous work “The Communist Manifesto, 1848” which reads as follows; ADVERTISEMENTS: “The history of the hitherto existing society is the history of the class struggles. Freeman and slave, patrician and plebian, lord and serf, guild-master and journey man, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant opposition to one another, carried on…
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Essay on Main Differences between Pre-Industrial and Industrial Society

1. Simple versus Complex Social Structures: In the pre-industrial societies, social structure is comparatively simple. There is less scope for division of labour, which is mostly based on age and sex. Men normally go out of family for hunting or fishing or for cultivating the land while women confine themselves to home to raise children and sometimes go out to gather food or work in the field. ADVERTISEMENTS: There are, in general, fewer statuses and roles. Social institutions other than family and kinship, are either non-existent, or in a rudimentary stage, or very ineffective.In the industrial societies, the social structure is more complex. There is vast scope for division of labour and specialization and it is more based on personal talents, abilities, efficiency, experience and preferences than age and sex.…
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Essay on Interdependence of and Interrelationship between Culture and Civilization

Essay on Interdependence of and Interrelationship between Culture and Civilization – Civilisation and culture do not reveal two independent and separate systems. The distinction between them is only relative and not absolute. They are not only interdependent but also interac­tive. Both are man-made. One is for his comfort and luxury and the other for his satisfaction and happiness. One is as important as the other.The ‘ Order’ of civilisation influences the ‘ order’ of culture. The articles of civilisation called “artifacts” are influenced by culture called “mentifacts”. Culture is also influenced by the articles of civilisation.Cultural character is generally added to the utilitarian order. We want fashions and styles and show it in our automobiles, buildings, etc. Similarly, our philosophies, literatures and learning have been much influenced by the printing…
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512 Words Essay on "Look before You Leap"

It seems rather unnecessary to say that important steps should not be taken without careful consideration; but experience shows that such steps are often taken from caprice or without serious thought.It is not an infrequent thing for a young man to decide his future on the toss of a coin, to make choice in this way between two professions, to decide whether he shall stay at home or emigrate, or whether he shall accept this or that appointment. ADVERTISEMENTS: Most boys have to earn their living some day or other, and it is vital importance that they should choose that type of work which they can do best. For those who have a decided bent there little or no difficulty, except that they should consult their Parents and friends in…
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Essay on Interrelationship between the Formal and Informal Organisations

Essay on Interrelationship between the Formal and Informal Organisations – The formal and the informal organisations are very much interrelated. They are not mutually exclusive. We find many informal organisations existing simultaneously with the formal organisations.A single formal organisation like the state, the university, the industry, the church, etc., may consist of several informal organisations in the form of ‘chiques’, gangs, friendship groups, etc. The line separating formal and informal organisations is not always clear.It is observed that no formal organisation by itself is sufficient to achieve its goals. Any formal organisation functions best when the informal organisation supports it. The most orderly and effi­cient structure does not automatically produce a successful organisational administration if the mem­bers have no goodwill towards one another and have 6nly personal hostilities. The exercise…
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676 Words Essay on Indian Warfare

India has waged four wars with Pakistan. The first was in 1947-48, the second in 1965, the third in 1971 and the fourth was the Kargil war in 1999. None of the wars were prolonged wars. The first two wars were over Kashmir. The 1947 war was fought within the borders of Jammu and Kashmir. The Indian army, paramilitary and the forces of former princely states fought the forces of Azad Kashmir as the Pak side called itself. After Kashmir acceded to India, Indian troops were airlifted to Kashmir. Light tanks and armored cars were used to good effect. Ceasefire was declared on 31 December, 1948. The 1965 war was inconclusive in a military sense. Both sides held prisoners and territory belonging to each other. The war began on August…
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418 Words Essay on India Vision 2020

India Vision 2020 is a Master Plan to transform India into a developed country by 2020. This idea was the brainchild of former President of India A.P.J. Abdul Kalam. By the year 2020, if things go according to the script, India would have become a force to reckon with. Of course, the economic meltdown has been something of a dampener but experts feel that the world would have emerged from its worst effects within two years. Besides, India has not been affected as severely as the US. Entrepreneurship will take off in a big way unleashing the dormant energies of the nation. There will be a flood of innovation aimed to improve services and products. Illiteracy might be a thing of the past. Longevity of people will increase thanks to…
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Essay on Importance of "Iddat" in Muslims' Divorce

Essay on Importance of “Iddat” in Muslims’ Divorce – “Iddat” plays an important role in Muslim divorce cases. “Iddat” denotes a period of awaiting.Iddat refers to a period of seclusion for three menstrual periods for a woman after the death of or divorce by her husband to ascertain whether she was pregnant.“Iddat”….implies the period of waiting incumbent on a woman between dissolution of one marriage and the contracting of another.” It is important to note that in this period of waiting [for three consecutive menstrual periods] husband and wife are not supposed to have sexual contact. Image Source: muslimsofcalgary.ca ADVERTISEMENTS: Legal and Social effects of Iddat: Legal Effects: (i) In a divorce case the wife involved is bound to wait for “iddat” period, (ii) During the period of “iddat” the…
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